Ghassan N. Fanous, M.D.
Do you have pelvic pain or heavy periods? Endometriosis is a condition that abnormally affects the growth of uterine tissue, and it can cause many uncomfortable sensations and lead to fertility issues. With experience in treating a wide range of gynecologic conditions in women of all ages, Dr. Fanous in Odessa, Texas provides high-quality care and the most up-to-date technology. If you are experiencing symptoms of endometriosis, call the office or schedule a consultation online today.
Endometriosis Q & A
What is endometriosis?
Endometriosis is a condition that causes uterine tissue to begin growing outside of your uterus in areas like your ovaries, pelvis, or fallopian tubes.
In women who have a healthy menstrual cycle, uterine tissue breaks down and is eliminated each month during their period. If you have endometriosis, however, this tissue breaks down but cannot be shed and eliminated the way it usually would.
Trapped inside the body, the tissue can cause cysts, scarring, and other problems that lead to irregular menstrual patterns, pelvic pain, and infertility.
What causes endometriosis?
Several factors can contribute to the development of endometriosis.
You might be more at risk for the condition if you have not had children or if you have a family history of endometriosis. Women who have shorter menstrual cycles or higher estrogen levels might also develop endometriosis. Some research suggests that starting your period at a young age makes you more likely to develop endometriosis.
What are the symptoms of endometriosis?
Sometimes endometriosis causes no symptoms, or you might attribute your symptoms to menstrual cramping. The best way to know if you have the condition is to receive appropriate tests from a qualified OB/GYN. Some of the most common symptoms of endometriosis are:
- Pelvic pain: especially during menstruation, when having a bowel movement, or during sexual intercourse
- Heavy periods: excessive bleeding during your period or spotting and bleeding in between periods
- Fertility problems: inability to conceive or to sustain a pregnancy
Some women with endometriosis also experience chronic, low-grade pain that may get worse as the condition progresses.
How is endometriosis treated?
Dr. Fanous can first diagnose your endometriosis with an on-site ultrasound. That allows him to see how uterine tissue is growing and to create an appropriate treatment plan. Some of the common treatments for endometriosis include:
- Laparoscopy: a surgical procedure that utilizes tiny cameras and instruments to view your uterus and remove unhealthy tissue
- Medication: to manage pain or address hormonal imbalances that may contribute to endometriosis
- Fertility counseling: recommendations and treatment options to help you heal from endometriosis and attain a healthy pregnancy
With the right treatment methods, it is possible to end the pain associated with endometriosis and regain a healthy menstrual cycle.
Endometriosis can be uncomfortable or even debilitating. If you are experiencing symptoms, call the office or make an appointment with Dr. Fanous using the one-click booking system.